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6) MOU - Memorandum of Understanding

右のサンプルは、企業と個人が交わした覚書 - Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) であるが、同様なものが 当事者間の決意を整理するという目的で 企業と企業の間の話し合いの際にも 比較的 良く交わされる。

MOU が どんな意味を持ち、役割を果たすものなのかは 以下の英文の説明の通りである。

The intent of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to formalize agreement to a set of principles (or resolutions) rather than to serve as a business agreement or contract.

つまり、契約書とは異なり、前述のように当事者間の決意を整理するものといった意味合いで使われることが一般的だが、その書き方や当事者の意図が契約書、もしくは、契約書の一部として作成されたものであれば、そうした効力を持つこともあるので要注意だ。

MOU と同じような使われ方をするものには、Letter of Agreement や Letter of Intent などがあるが、ほとんど同様なもので ただ呼び方を変えたものと考えれば良いだろう。

二者間の理解や大筋で合意できる内容などをまとめ、契約に結び付けたい交渉のプロセスで MOU に相互にサインをすることが 実際のビジネスでは良く行われる。社内での説明や打ち合わせ、また、第三者に交渉の経緯や進捗状況を説明するなど、様々な目的で活用できるものである。ただし、一般的には 法的拘束力がない前提でサインをするものである。







【MOU サンプル】

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

BETWEEN  Taro Yamada  AND  ABC Corporation

This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is entered into by Taro Yamada, hereinafter referred to as "Applicant", and ABC Corporation, hereinafter referred to as "ABC" for the purpose of establishing the partnership between the parties.

The purpose of this agreement is to establish an effective partnership to provide a comprehensive, integrated, accessible, and respectful delivery system of the program. In order to better serve the Applicant, ABC is fully committed to the Applicant's goals and objectives.

ABC hereby commits its personnel and fiscal resources to the successful functioning and outcomes of Applicant. If selected for funding, ABC will:
  1. Be an active member of Applicant and will attend all Collaborative meetings.
  2. Participate in program evaluation processes as required by Applicant by maintaining records on activities and services and engaging in data collection as required.
  3. Provide financial and other supports up to $5,000.00 per program.
If selected for funding, Applicant will:
  1. Take ABC's training sessions as scheduled.
  2. Participate in all the programs that ABC may ask for, provided that fees and expenses are paid to the Applicant in accordance with the attached fee schedule. These fees and expenses paid to the Applicant for individual programs are separate from the above said support.
This agreement is entered into for the duration of the grant period beween April 1, 2005 and March 31, 2006, and may be modified at any time by mutual agreement.

Signature: _____________
Name: ________________
Title: ___________
Organization:
Signature: _____________
Name: ________________
Title: ___________
Organization:
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